How To Become An IAS Officer- Everything Explained In Details.

How To Become An IAS Officer-

How To Become An IAS Officer-lakhs of young minds wants to prepare for IAS exam and become an ias officer which is one of the most prestigious Govt Service In India. IAS is the dream service for many of the people due to the bright career it offers to deserving aspirants. There are so many people who want prepare for IAS exam but most of them are not well aware about the actual exam process , eligibility and other important steps . So I will tell you each and everything about this exam from the beginning. I will try to make this article precise to save your valuable time ..

What Is IAS Exam?

IAS Stands for Indian Administrative Service which is all india level service conducted by Union public service  commission every year in the month of june . This exam is one of the most competitive exam in india and more than 1 million aspirants apply for this exam every year.  So if you are one who want to become an IAS officer , you have to prepare well for this exam. Due to high competition it is imperative to have a focussed approach towards this exam in right direction.

What is the IAS exam Process?

UPSC conducts exam every year in three stages which are known as prelims , mains and interview. Prelims is the qualifying nature , mains and interview marks are counted for final merit. This exam start in the month of june and notification are issued in the month of april . You have to apply for this exam online in its official website .

Prelims- Prelims consists of two papers -paper 1 which is known as general awareness and paper 2 CSAT which is also of qualifying nature for prelims exam but you have to score 33.33% marks to clear prelims . Paper 1 which is  general awareness which marks are counted for prelims merit and highest prelims scorer are allowed to write mains exam.

Mains- Mains exam consists of 9 papers 2 of them are language paper which are just for qualifying nature. Essay paper marks are counted for mains along with four General studies and two paper of optional subject. You can choose one subject as optional from the subjects mentioned in the list. So mains comprises of total 9 papers – 2 Language , 1 essay, 4 general studies, 2 optional.

  1. Language paper- Any indian language 300 marks ( qualifying nature only)
  2. English language paper – Qualifying nature (300 marks )
  3. Essay paper- 200 marks
  4. General studies paper 1 (250 marks )
  5. General studies paper 2 (250 marks )
  6. General studies paper 3 ( 250 marks )
  7. General studies paper 4 ( 250 marks )
  8. Optional Paper 1 (250 marks )
  9. Optional Paper 2 (250 marks )

Total -1750 marks

Interview- Once you clear mains exam , you are called for interview and then your total marks (mains + interview ) are counted for final selection.

Interview score -270 marks-

Total marks -Mains + interview-1750+270=2020

What is the work of an IAS officer?

IAS officer are group A officer which are posted in top administrative position in various department in the country. One of the popular post of an IAS officer is DM (district Magistrate ) which known to almost everyone in the public. So likewise IAS officer are posted from SDM to Cabinet Secretary . So the work of an IAS officer varies from one post to another but one point is very clear that whenever you find an IAS officer , you will see them in top positions.

Also Read-How to prepare UPSC exam from village .

What is the salary of an IAS officer?

IAS officer earn good salary which is enough to meed daily need of a family but many people assume that they might be getting huge sum due to their high level of responsibility and popularity.This salary estimate is based on the Pay matrix ( 7th pay commission).

  • Junior Scale: Rs 50,000 to Rs 1,50,000 along with grade pay of Rs 16,500
  • Senior Time Scale: Rs 50,000 to Rs 1,50,001 along with grade pay of Rs 20,000
  • Junior Administrative Grade: Rs 50,000 to Rs 1,50,002 along with grade pay of Rs 20,000
  • Selection Grade: Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 2,00,000 along with grade pay of Rs 26,000
  • Super Time Scale: Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 2,00,000 along with grade pay of Rs 30,000
  • Above Super Time Scale: Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 2,00,000 along with grade pay of Rs 30,000
  • Apex Scale: Rs 12,25,000 (fixed)
  • Cabinet Secretary Grade: Rs 12,25,000 (fixed)
  • How To Become An IAS Officer
    How To Become An IAS Officer

Besides the salary an IAS officer , they get lots of facilities other than the salary, some of them are-free banglow,car with driver, free phone bill etc.

Also read-IAS preparation tips for beginners.

What are the qualifications to become an IAS officer?

Before we move ahead we must know the Eligibility criteria for the post of an IAS officer. UPSC which conduct this exam notify the eligibility details every year but most of the criteria remains same like education, age limit, subject etc. Any change can be cross checked from the official website of UPSC in its notification which release well before the exam.


  1. Candidate must be a citizen of India.
  2. Candidate must be a citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan
  3. Candidate must be a Tibetan Refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 to be settled permanently in India
  4. Candidate must be person of Indian Origin who has migrated from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaire, or Zambia with an intention of permanently settling in India.

What is the educational qualification for IAS exam?

To become an IAS officer your must be in possession of graduation degree from any recognized university or equivalent. You can appear for prelims exam without showing your graduation degree but for final selection you will have to produce your graduation certificate. Three year diploma holder are not eligible for this exam.

Also read- How to prepare IAS without coaching ?

What is the age limit & Attempts for IAS?

The minimum age limit for IAS exam is 21 year and upper age limit varies from one category to another. Let’s have a look at the age limit criteria for various category.

  • General category- Upper limit- 32 years relaxation.
  • Sc & St category- Upper limit-32 + 5 year relaxation.
  • OBC category-Upper limit-32+ 3 year relaxation.
  • Physically handicap ,disabled category-Upper limit-32 + 10 years relaxation.
  • J&K Domicile – G-37 ,Sc &St-42 ,OBC-40 ,PH-50  . 
  • Disabled service personnel from duty- G-37 ,OBC-38 ,ST & ST-40.

How many times we can give IAS exam?

There are 6 attempts allowed for general category aspirants and OBC , physically handicapped ,disabled are allowed 9 attempts. No restrictions for rest of category aspirants but you should not cross the upper age limit described for your category

Also read- How to choose optional subject for IAS exam.

How to prepare for IAS exam?

IAS exam preparation is not as simple as we do in our academic so we have to be very particular about our preparation. If you do not follow correct guidelines and right approach, your journey will take more time to reach your destination. Here are some of the best tips for you to start your preparation in right direction.

  • Knowing of UPSC IAS exam syllabus.
  • Selection of right books which are based on UPSC exam.
  • Making notes for important topics.
  • Time management .
  • Practice of Mock Test / Test series.
  • Answer writing practice.

Also read-Useful website for UPSC exam preparation.

What is the syllabus for IAS exam?

There is a saying that UPSC ask everything under the sun but At the same time UPSC has defined its syllabus for IAS exam and most of the questions are asked from there only so you can read complete IAS exam syllabus in this article. This is the first and important steps in Smart IAS Preparation . It has been found that most of the aspirants who fail do not aware about UPSC IAS exam syllabus and read so many things which is totally waste of time and increase burden for them.So you are advised to download complete UPSC exam syllabus and get hard copy of it. It is always suggested that you should be able to memorize complete UPSC IAS syllabus .

Know the complete syllabus of IAS examClick here.

How to select books for IAS exam?

Books are the most important weapon to win the battle of UPSC. There are many aspirants who fails every year in UPSC exam just because they did not read right kind of books or they have read those books which are not made for UPSC exam preparation. So our sincere advice is read only those books which covers UPSC syllabus and can be revised . There are some books which are so thick that you can not read them in one year , forget about revising them. Time is valuable in UPSC exam so you can not lose it just by reading worthless books which contribution is negligible.

Here are some key points regarding book selection

  • Read books which covers UPSC syllabus.
  • Read books which are not so big and can be revised easily.
  • Select books as per their syllabus in the exam  ( do not read a book of 500 pages which contribution is just 5 to 10 marks in the exam ).
  • Do not read more than 2 book for one subject.( otherwise you will not able to revise ).
  • Read less and revise more.
  • Keep limited resources but sufficient for the exam. (You are human so can not read everything ).

Hindi Medium Aspirants can find Complete Books here Click Here

Some useful books for IAS prelim exam.( Click to Buy )

ALso Read-Download NCERt Books For Free

Some useful books for Mains exam.

These books cover almost all the UPSC exam syllabus and some books are common because of the same syllabus so you need not to buy same books twice. (click to buy )

Essay Paper-

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